Jean Cocteau 329A by Andy Warhol was created in 1985, modelled after Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau. He was a French poet, novelist, dramatist, designer, playwright, artist and filmmaker. Cocteau is best known for his novel Les Enfants Terribles (1929), and films Blood of a Poet (1930), Les Parents Terribles (1948), Beauty and the Beast (1946) and Orpheus (1949). Like Warhol, he was interested in being surrounded by other artistic geniuses and celebrities like Pablo Picasso, Marlene Dietrich, Coco Chanel, and Igor Stravinsky and was associated with the avant-garde movement. Jean Cocteau 329A was commissioned for the Severin Wunderman Foundation, which is dedicated to the collection of Jean Cocteau memorabilia. The print uses simple outlining of Cocteau’s features against a pastel background background to create a minimalistic portrait of the subject.
Jean Cocteau 329A as Part of Andy Warhol’s Larger Body of Work
To Andy Warhol, Cocteau was a, iconic figure worthy of romanticizing and idealizing. His support of other artists and pioneering work in a multitude of mediums in the early twentieth century paved the way for many artists including Warhol himself. Throughout his career, Warhol created several different portraits of Cocteau. This portrait is based on a publicity photograph for a book celebrating Cocteau twenty years after his death.